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Frances M. Romero-Torres, Lt Col, USAF

Is it legal? Use of AI in Government and Healthcare


Senior Advisor to the Director of Space Operations, National Guard Bureau, providing assistance to the Director and senior leadership in devising strategies in support of the National Guard Space Operations mission. She coordinates efforts to achieve short and long-term leadership goals, and facilitates interactions with other Department of Defense leaders, Congress, and stakeholders. Collaborates with other agencies to address governance and staffing requirements for space operations. Manages projects and personnel for activities involving multiple military departments and international partners.  She is an experienced litigator with more than 15 years of practice, within governmental, military and private sector.


This case study presentation explores the legal, privacy and compliance considerations surrounding the use and implementation of large language model (LLM) tools, machine learning, and artificial intelligence (AI) by government and organizations mandated to maintain higher levels of data protection. Studies have corroborated the common user appreciation that AI tools significantly improve productivity, minimize time wasted in administrative tasks and maximizes work in priorities. On the other hand, the rapid advancements in AI technologies have brought about significant legal and ethical implications that need to be addressed. The presentation aims to analyze the legal frameworks, privacy concerns, ethical implications, and regulatory compliance requirements associated with the use of AI technologies, specifically LLMs.


Comparison of publicly available or commonly used LLM tools should educate legal practitioners and professionals working with AI technologies, enabling them to better navigate constrains, mitigate data spillage, and promote ethical practices without refraining from accelerated change. The presenter will focus on providing understanding of the legal and ethical challenges and opportunities associated with AI technologies in government, medical providers, and professional settings.


Professionals from all fields, particularly non-attorney practitioners, can contribute to the existing body of knowledge on cyber law by providing input into technological requirements to achieve compliance and educate policy making. It will provide recommendations for developing legal and ethical frameworks or policy points that promote responsible and transparent use of AI technologies.

Frances M. Romero-Torres, Lt Col, USAF
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